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Permanent Residence Visa

Humanitarian & Companionate (H&C)

Ukrainian war refugees in temporary shelter and help center, little girl with her mother
Years of Experience

Humanitarian & Companionate (H&C)

Applicants who are not eligible to apply for permanent residence under the regular requirements may be able to apply on Humanitarian and Compassionate (“H&C”) grounds.

By satisfying the Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) that there are significant hardships and other compelling factors, including those involving the interests of a minor child, that warrant an exemption from the usual requirements to obtain permanent residence in Canada, the applicants may overcome their lack of eligibility and be allowed in Canada on a permanent basis.

Humanitarian & Companionate (H&C) Eligibility

If you do not meet the eligibility requirements for permanent residence in Canada but believe that there are outstanding circumstances that may warrant an exception, then you may be eligible to apply for permanent residence under H&C grounds. Below are some of the factors that can be used to support Humanitarian and Compassionate grounds,

Family of Ukrainian refugees who was forced to flee from Ukraine waiting for help in charity center
Certified Consultants
Volunteers forming a hand stack in the park
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More information on H&C

H&C applications can be accessed by those who are currently in Canada without status, and can be used to overcome certain inadmissibility issues, including medical inadmissibility, that would normally deem a person ineligible for permanent residence in Canada.

IRCC does not assess risk factors such as persecution, cruel and unusual punishment or risk to life, though any associated hardships to be faced upon refusal of the application may be considered.

If you have a pending refugee claim in Canada, or have had a negative decision from the Immigration and Refugee Board within the last twelve (12) months, you will not yet be eligible to make permanent residence application based on H&C considerations. The twelve (12) month bar does not, however, apply if an applicant has a child under the age of 18 who will be seriously affected if they were to be removed from Canada.

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